مسیحیت در جامعه پساسکولار بازتعریف دوگانه دینی- غیردینی در دوران معاصر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری دین‌پژوهی، دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب، قم، ایران

2 استادیار گروه فلسفه، دانشگاه مفید، قم، ایران

3 استادیار گروه ادیان غیرابراهیمی، دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب، قم، ایران

4 استادیار گروه ادیان ابراهیمی، دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب، قم، ایران

چکیده

مجموعه اوضاع و احوال خاص اجتماعیِ فرهنگ غرب در دوران مدرن، گسست میان امر دینی و امر غیردینی را عمیق‌تر کرد و تعریف جدیدی از دین پیش کشید. نظریه‌پردازان غربی در واکنش به این اوضاع و احوال اجتماعی، به طور خاص مسیحیت را در برابر امر غیردینی، دین تصویر کردند و این روندِ خاص جدایی را سکولاریزاسیون نامیدند. اما در نتیجه دگرگونی‌های اجتماعی عصر حاضر، نظریه‌های پساسکولار کوشیده‌اند با گذر از ایده‌های سکولار، امر دینی و امر غیردینی را پیوند دهند. این مقاله برای بررسی روند چنین تحولاتی با استفاده از نظریه‌های مختلف، تحول آگاهی و معرفت دینی در جامعه را شرح می‌دهد. در نهایت و پس از تحلیل انتقادی تحولات مذکور، به منظور برقراری پیوند دین و غیردین در عصر حاضر، تجدیدنظر در عقلانیت به عنوان راه‌حل پیشنهاد شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Christianity in the Post-Secular Society Redefinition of the Duality of Religious/ Non-religious in the Contemporary Times

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Taleb 1
  • َAbulghasem Fanaei 2
  • Mahdi Lakzaei 3
  • Bagher Talebi Darabi 4
1 PhD Student in Theology, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran
2 Assistant Professor Department of Philosophy, Mufīd University, Qom, Iran
3 Assistant Professor Department of Non-Abrahamic Religions, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran
4 Assistant Professor Department of Abrahamic Religions, University of Religions and Denominations, Qom, Iran
چکیده [English]

The set of special social situations of Western culture in the modern times deepened the gap between the religious and non-religious affairs and introduced a new definition of religion. In response to these social situations, Western theorists, as opposed to secularism, specifically portrayed Christianity as a religion, calling this particular process of separation secularization. But as a result of the social transformations of the present age, post-secular theories have sought to link the religious and non-religious affairs by transcending secular ideas. To examine the process of such developments, this article describes the evolution of religious awareness and knowledge using various theories.
Finally, after a critical analysis of these developments, in order to establish a link between religion and non-religion in the present age, a revision of rationality has been proposed as a solution.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • : Religion in the Present Age
  • secularism
  • Post-Secularism
  • Public Sphere
  • Western culture
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