واکاوی آموزه روح‌القدس در کلیسای پنطیکاستی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه ادیان و عرفان، مؤسسه آموزشی‌پژوهشی امام خمینی

2 دانشجوی دکتری ادیان و عرفان، مؤسسه آموزشی‌پژوهشی امام خمینی

چکیده

جنبش پنطیکاستی که در اوایل قرن بیستم و با تأکید بر روح‌القدس شکل گرفته است، بر مبنای آیات کتاب ‌مقدس و تعالیم رهبران و متفکرانش، به حضور پویای روح‌القدس در این کلیسا معتقد است و از این نکته در تبشیر آیین خود استفاده می‌کند. این تحقیق با بررسی اسناد کتاب ‌مقدسی و منابع پنطیکاستی نشان می‌دهد آنچه پنطیکاستی‌ها به عنوان اصلی‌ترین نکته در تبشیر خود، به آن استدلال می‌کنند، با آیاتی از کتاب مقدس منافات دارد. تجربه‌محوربودن پنطیکاستی‌ها، اساس غیرکتاب‌ مقدسی آموزه روح‌القدس و از بین بردن شخصیت حقیقی روح‌القدس از جمله نتایج این تحقیق است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Reanalysis of the Doctrine of Holy Spirit in Pentecostal Church

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad Hosien Taheri Akerdi 1
  • yaser abouzadeh gatabi 2
1 PhD student, Religions and Mysticism, Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute
2 Assistant professor, Department of Religions and Mysticism, Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute
چکیده [English]

The Pentecostal movement which arose in early twentieth century with an emphasis on the Holy Spirit, appeals to verses of the Bible and the teachings of its leaders and intellectuals to suggest that the Holy Spirit is dynamically present in the Church, drawing upon this to evangelize and propagate its religious tendency. In this paper, we examine the documents of the Bible and Pentecostal sources to show that what Pentecostals appeal to as the main component of their evangelism is at odds with verses of the Bible. The conclusion of the research includes empirical tendencies of Pentecostals, the non-Biblical ground of their Doctrine of the Holy Spirit, and the disappearance of the real person of the Holy Spirit.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Holy Spirit
  • Pentecostal Church
  • evangelism
  • baptism in the Holy Spirit
  • the Bible

منابع

کتاب مقدس (بی‌تا). بر اساس ترجمه سال 1904، چاپ ایلام.

Anderson, Allan (2004). "Structures and Patterns in Pentecostal Mission," in: Missionalia: Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 32, No. 2, pp. 233-249.

Anderson, Allan (2005). "Towards a Pentecostal Missiology for the Majority World," in: Asian Journal of Pentecostal Studies 8, No. 1, pp. 29-47.

Anderson, Allan (2013). An Introduction to Pentecostalism: Global Charismatic Christianity, Cambridge University Press.

Bresee, P. F.; Pierce, Robert (1908). Manual of the Pentecostal Church of the Nazarene, Texas: The General Assembly.

Bruner, Frederick Dale (1997). A Theology of the Holy Spirit: The Pentecostal Experience and the New Testament Witness, Wipf and Stock Publishers.

Conradie, Ernst M. (2015). "Ecumenical Perspectives on Pentecostal Pneumatology," in: Missionalia 43, No. 1, pp. 63-81.

Davis, William (2013). "Why I am no longer a Pentecostal 2", in: Seek Old Path, Vol. 24, No. 7, pp. 49-56.

Dunn, James D. G. (2010). Baptism in the Holy Spirit: A Re-Examination of the New Testament Teaching on the Gift of the Spirit in Relation to Pentecostalism Today, Hymns Ancient and Modern Ltd.

Ebertshäuser, Rudolf (2011). The Charismatic “Spirit Baptism” and the Biblical Baptism in the Holy Spirit, ESRA- Schriftendienst, February.

 House, Sean David (2006). Pentecostal Contributions to Contemporary Christological Thought: A Synthesis with Ecumenical Views, University of South Africa.

James, Jeremy (2012). The Great Pentecostal-Charismatic Error: Why Scripture Does not Allow True Believers to Invoke the Holy Spirit, Ireland: 22 August, www.zephaniah.eu.

Keen, Samuel Ashton (1895). Pentecostal Papers: Or, the Gift of the Holy Ghost, Cranston & Curts.

Liardon, Roberts (2006). The Azusa Street Revival: When the Fire Fell-an in-Depth Look at the People, Teachings, and Lessons, Destiny Image Publishers.

Macchia, Frank D. (2006). Baptized in the Spirit, Michigan: Zondervan.

Miller, Denzil R. (2005). Empowered for Global Mission: A Missionary Look at the Book of Acts, Life Publishers International USA.

Miller, Denzil R. (2009). Power Encounter: Ministering in the Power and Anointing of the Holy Spirit, USA: AIA Publications.

Miller, Tracy (2012). The Global Religious Landscape: Christianity, Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Public Life, Washington, D. C.

 Pohl, Alfred H. (2001). 17 Reasons Why I Left the Tongues Movement, Canada: Bethel Baptist Print Ministry.

Porter, David K. (1999). Shaping the Missionary Identity of the Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada: Spirit Baptism and Exchatology in the Writings of George A. Chambers and Robert E. Mcalister. Wycliffe College.

Quebedeaux, Richard (1976). The New Charismatics: The Origins, Development, and Significance of Neo-Pentecostalism, Doubleday Books.

Robson, Robert Brian (2012). "The Temple, the Spirit and the People of the Presence of God: Examining Critical Options for a Pentecostal Ecclesiology," University of St. Michael’s College.

Turney, Mark (2011). Proclaiming Pentecost: 100 Sermon Outlines on the Power of the Holy Spirit, USA: AIA Publications.

Walker, Daniel Okyere (2010). "The Pentecost Fire Is Burning: Models of Mission Activities in the Church of Pentecost," University of Birmingham.

Wigglesworth, Smith (2001). Ever Increasing Faith, Whitaker House.