A Comparative Study of the Meaning of Numbers in Girih Design from the Perspective of Religions

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Master's Student in Architecture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Architecture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran


It is important to use patterns as one of the most important components of architecture in order to create sustainable architecture. One of the components of patterns in architecture is the art of Chinese knotting, in the geometry of which numbers are the most important factor and basis of naming. It seems that by knowing the meanings of numbers and their correct use in different places, and far from the doctrinal issues of secular civilizations, it is possible to introduce practical, lasting and eternal patterns for the use of Chinese knotting in religious civilizations. Using the descriptive-analytical method, this study examines the semantic patterns of numbers as a mediating variable between Chinese knotting and the beliefs of human civilization, and through a comparative examination of the meaning of numbers in civilizations, expresses the use of Girih in different places. The results show that by knowing the semantic aspects of numbers, twelve knots can be considered as an ancient model in most civilizations and eight knots can be named as a special and dominant pattern of religions, but there is no evidence to attribute special knots to secular civilizations.


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