نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی کتری، مطالعات تطبیقی ادیان گرایش الاهیات مسیحی، دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب، قم، ایران
2 استادیار گروه ادیان ابراهیمی، دانشگاه ادیان و مذاهب.
عنوان مقاله [English]
The Golden rule in ethics states that "one should treat others as one would like others to treat him" or "One should love others as he would love himself". But an important question here arises: who are "the others"? Do they include just the followers of the religion, or everyone? The answer to this important and also challenging question leads to the following question: do moral teachings of the Bible only apply to Christians? Many immoral conducts inside a religion and between two different religions have their roots in the above-mentioned basic question and most of them have happened in the name of religion when believers have committed the wrong for the sake of God. This essay studies this issue from the Biblical point of view and its interpretation. There are different views concerning this issue. For some interpreters "the others" includes everyone, and moral teachings of the Bible apply to all people, including Christians and non-Christians. Some other interpreters have made a distinction between Christians and non-Christians by explaining the concept of "perfect and complete love". They maintain that the "perfect love" which is the love in behavior and heart together, only applies to Christian. In this essay, we refer to the most important interpretations and finally study different views in this regard.