نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
1 استادیار گروه تاریخ هنر، پژوهشکده هنر
2 استادیار گروه زبانهای باستانی و متون کهن، پژوهشگاه میراث فرهنگی و گردشگری کشور
عنوان مقاله [English]
This paper is concerned with the notion of “reason” in two old religions: Judaism and Zoroastrianism relying on the Old Testament and Gathas. In the Old Testament, reason comes up in three books: Genesis, the Story of Jacob, and the Story of King Solomon. There is, however, much more trace of reason in Gathas, however, with which we can delineate the Zoroastrian conception in this regard. With a juxtaposition of such textual evidence concerning reason, the notion can be accounted for and compared in Judaism and Zoroastrianism. Just like Zoroastrianism, Judaism recommends people to practical wisdom, although the two religions do not agree over the creation of reason. For Zoroastrians, people were destined from the beginning of the creation to be rational, whereas in Judaism people come to have reason after they commit a sin.