عنوان مقاله [English]
The knowledge of man has always been considered by various religious, philosophical, and mystical schools and today the attention to mystical religions without Sharia such as Buddhism has been welcomed by thinkers. Theravada Buddhism, as a traditional reading of Buddhist teachings, also analyzes man from a mystical point of view. Reflecting on the anthropological foundations of Buddhism helps us to understand this religion better. To this end, the present study, while introducing the anthropological foundations of Theravada Buddhism, tries to critique and evaluate these principles using the anthropological views of al-Hikmah al-Muta'aliyah. Using a descriptive-analytical method, this study finally concludes that the anthropology of Buddhism is incomplete in some respects and does not answer some questions about the origin of existence and the philosophy of human existence. From the Theravada Buddhism point of view, what we experience as an individual is nothing but a process, and human nature is nothing but a combination of five parts: the physical body, the feeling, Perception, psychological manifestations, and cognition. Man, as the supreme being of the universe, is trapped in the chain of Samsara and is liberated by joining Nirvana.