عنوان مقاله [English]
In its original sense, Traveling involves spiritual transition, breaking with the material world and adhering to the spiritual world. As a result of cultural affinities as well as sharing a profound and closely related ideology, both Persia and India have their in-depth methods of Traveling for the purpose of attaining most elevated levels of spiritual state. Persian Mehr (the Sun) and the cult of Mithras have sought for going through the seven steps of Traveling, i.e., a complete departure from egotism and being attracted to the Sun of Reality by conjoining Mehr. Similarly, Indian Yoga has tried to provide opportunities for Traveling and spiritual transition to the end of reaching the state of Samadhi by assigning practicing strict asceticism and moving through the eight steps. To accomplish the goal of freedom from belonging, abandonment of the material living and emancipation from the material world, both Yoga and Mithraism have presented a set of instructions, each with its universal influence. The instructions are similar in some respects and different in some other respects due to the founders’ ideology, Traveling thought and internal understanding. The findings of the current study show that the paradigm and theory of Traveling are one of the most essential and systematic issues in ancient oriental thought with a scientific value from theoretical point of view and practical applications from functional perspective.